CCICI and IEEE joint workshop on “Cloud Computing Innovations in India: A Framework and Roadmap” is aimed at bringing together subject matter experts across government, industry, and academia to collaborate and innovate with the objective of accelerating the emergence of the Indian IT ecosystem as a strong “global leader” in Cloud Computing technologies for emerging markets.
The workshop was a collaborative effort between IIITB, IEEE and CCICI. The event had 100+ attendees, (35 students and 22 speakers).
The workshop started at 10am sharp and completed at 6pm with 2 tea breaks and a lunch break. The CCICI team then stayed back for a special session on “ eGOV Reference Arch Task Force – Next steps”. Why this workshop? Cloud Computing is a new paradigm in Information Technology (IT) and IT-enabled services (ITES) that transforms “computing as a resource” to “computing as a service”. It is a disruptive technology with influence pervading across all aspects of a modern economy. While this has the potential of leapfrogging the economy of emerging markets like India, the adoption and deployment in such countries poses a unique set of technological, business, and regulatory challenges.
The current state of IT deployment (refer UN e-Governance survey—India is ranked 124) indicates that India has a near greenfield opportunity of developing cloud-based solutions that can leverage the latest technology and be optimally suited to the unique requirements of emerging markets. There is deep expertise available across the R&D Labs, academia and government labs in various technology areas associated with cloud computing. However, they have been primarily operating in isolation. This workshop is an attempt to provide a platform to bring these experts together to collaborate, innovate and enable this leapfrog.
Keynote – From Silos to Synergies – Making Connected Government a Reality
Session Speaker: Dr. Pallab Saha Partner, Chief Enterprise Architect (Government) & Head of Wipro Academy of Enterprise Architecture
Summary: When governments become inefficient and cumbersome, nations lose their edge. Around the world, governments are constantly facing new demands, greater expectations and an increasingly more vociferous and assertive citizenry calling for better governance. In such a scenario, governments can ill-afford to ignore such demands and expectations. This requires governments to be transformed in the broadest and deepest sense. Taking a whole-of-government perspective is a critical success factor. It is an imperative to think strategically to elevate the role of enterprise architecture in shaping the new normal.
Key takeaways from the presentation:
- What are the key dimensions of connected government?
- How can governments be viewed as complex ecosystems?
- What are the implications of a citizen-centric government?
- What challenges does it bring forth?
- What role does enterprise architecture play in making governments future-ready? and
- What are the essential components of establishing a manifesto?
The importance of driving the “top down, inclusive Enterprise Architecture approach” was effectively articulated.
CLOUD COMPUTING – Lowering the barriers to Make In India
Session Speaker: Pamela Kumar Vice President, Cloud Computing Innovation Council of India
Summary: CCICI has engaged in discussions with DeitY, NISG on the role of Cloud Computing in realizing the DIGITAL INDIA Vision. The presentation also deliberated over what MAKE IN INDIA means in the context of Cloud Computing.
The session presented the thinking that has evolved within CCICI as a result of these discussions. The presentation attempted to answer the following fundamental questions:
- WHY should we MAKE IN INDIA?
- The Opportunity – Lessons from the telecom revolution
- The Drivers – DIGITAL India & Meghraj
- WHAT will lower the Barriers to MAKE IN INDIA?
- The Challenge – From Facility to Utility
- Role of Architecture Framework
- Role of Standards & Interoperability
- HOW can you participate? Participants were solicited to join the various working groups and task forces of CCICI. The current focus is on
- eGovernance Reference Architecture which has 4 sub-teams – Strategy & Policy, Performance Goals, Services and Security
- Standards Development
- Interoperability Testbed
- SMART CITY ICT Infrastructure
- Cloud Market in India Report
Cloud Management Panel discussion – Cloud Computing Challenges
The distinguished panel:-
- Moderator: Ignesius Thambyraj
- Badrinath Ramamurthy, Dr., Principal Engineer, Ericsson Research
- Sundara Nagarajan, Technical Director – Data Fabrics Group, NetApp
- Debansu Saha, Senior Principal Engineer, Samsung Research Institute
- Tridib Mukherjee,Dr., Senior Research Scientist, Xerox Research Centre India
Panel Discussion Summary:
Broadly the following topics were covered in a passionate discussion between the panelist and the audience:-
- What are the technical advancements that have made Public Cloud possible today and what are the gaps to make large scale use of Public Cloud possible?
- Is the “pay per use” model really economical for the user for long term? Why is the Holy Grail “utility grid” (where any person will get compute like electricity – just plug and use computational power) still not happened?
- Why HP’s Hellion public cloud offering did not succeed against AWS though Hellion is open standards based. How one should prioritize between Open Standards and interoperability?
A very interactive session which highlighted the itch and excitement on the opportunity in front of us and the desire to contribute effectively and make an impact. There was frustration expressed at the lack of support and encouragement for innovation and risk taking, especially in the IT infrastructure space.
Session Title: eGovernance
Session Speaker: Surender Gupta, Principal Consultant at Tata Consultancy Services Summary: Dr. Surender Gupta presented the importance of a tightly coupled Cloud Reference architecture with key business outcomes in delivering eGovernance services.
Key takeaways from the eGovernance and Cloud Reference architecture presentation:
- Business Outcome / Services Clarity is mandatory
- Business innovation should be the driver
- Leveraging Domain Expertise is the crux of it all
- Financial cost of the solution can’t be the only parameter
- Agility is the key driver for any type of computing style
- Cloud computing style could meet agility requirements
- Security requires special attention in case of shared services
Session Title: Standards and Interoperability
Session Speaker: Dr. Dinkar Sitaram Professor and Director, Cloud Center Department of Computer Science and Engineering, PES University Summary: Prof. Dinkar Sitaram presented a blueprint for adoption, recommendations and development of cloud standards, Interoperability testing, certification, and benchmarking in India.
Key takeaways from the Standards and Interoperability presentation:
A comprehensive framework for adoption, development, and adaptation of new protocols and standards at different layers of the Cloud Computing Stack must be designed to meet the unique requirements of IT infrastructure in India.
Framework for vendor certification must ensure following objectives:
- Ensuring efficient and optimum utilization of resources
- Enabling interoperability between different service providers
- Enabling choices and smooth migration opportunities to users
- Enhancing pace of adoption of cloud computing in Indian and global context
We are soliciting participation in the Standards development activity that we want to initiate in collaboration with TSDSI . We also have an Interoperability Testbed proposal being worked on, theis will be operated in a PPP model. Seed funding is available. Hence we need members from Govt, Industry and Academia to team up and put forward these proposals.
Session Title: Industry Specific Clouds
Session Speaker: Lalit Mohan Sanagavarapu, Sr Technology Manager at Institute for Development and Research in Banking Technology Summary: Mr. Lalit Mohan presented the role of IDBRT in driving cloud driven innovation in Indian Banking industry:
Key Takeaways from the presentation:
- There are fundamental shifts in Banking and Finance industry in IndiaBanking businesses are seeing cloud more as a driver of business innovation and change than a cost cutting measure.
- The solution approach and business architecture is being redefined in many industries due to cloud and also demanding industry vertical reference cloud architectures.
- Banks and financial sector can benefit from the fact that cloud computing helps
- To create a flexible, agile business model to meet the growing business needs
- To cut infrastructure costs, and
- To transform their business processes and enhance their ability to grow in new sectors or regions without the time and cost burdens involved with establishing a physical presence.
- In various forums, banks have expressed their interest to explore cloud services as a technology, provided security and privacy can be ensured.
IDRBT is clearly leading the way on adopting CLOUD COMPUTING in Banking, they are therefore addressing the unique challenges of the India Ecosystem, This is a path breaking effort and needs to be applauded. We need to learn and incorporate the learnings into other CLOUD Reference architectures that we are developing eg. The eGOVERNANCE Reference Architecture.
Session Title: ICT for Development
Session Speaker: Vibhakar Bhushan Chair – eHealth Working Group at Cloud Computing Innovation Council of India
Summary: Dr.Vibhakar made a presentation on deployment of ICT for development.
ICT for development needs a unified architecture with following goals:
- To make authentic information available to industry, government and common man
- To promote effective & efficient sharing of resources, without major restructuring of existing solutions
- To enable effective use of knowledge management tools
Key Challenges faced for such initiatives:
- Required infrastructure and lack of standards
- Legal/regulatory barriers
- Domain knowledge & connectivity
- Training to stakeholders
- User Resistance
- Lack of viable participation from end-users and stakeholders
- Lack of policies
- Lack of leadership
The generic Services framework presented is applicable to the development of the Services reference model for eGovernance and and other architectures as well.
Session Title: SaaS and Applications Development
- Praveen Gurram Senior Director – Oracle India Product Development & IT Services Global Delivery
- Tirumal Chamarti Project Director. at JDA
Summary: Mr. Praveen’s presentation started with definition of Software as a Service Model and its importance of collaboration between industry, academia and public for developing mission critical applications:
Key takeaways from the presentation:
- Cloud-mobile-oriented IT is leveraged to the fullest extent possible using both the private and the public agencies.
- Strong collaboration between academia, industry, media and GI is required for Meghraj success. External Cloud Service providers can be used for eGov SAAS deployments to reduce Capex/Opex of setting up and maintaining Data Centers and faster penetration
- Collaborative projects by state and central governments with academic institutions like IIM/IITs. This relationship should further be leveraged for the successful implementation of GI cloud
- Gujarat govt. collaborated with IIM A to come up with a good solution for
rotation of teachers around a district. Solution currently in use by Education department of Gujarat for optimal usage of workforce and holistic education of children
- NIC has set-up National and State level data centers – these would be the starting point. Lot of activity around digitalization of land records etc. has been taken up already by states (CARD). Aadhar data can be used for citizen identification
A good study and categorization of the GI Cloud Services was presented and can be leveraged in the eGovernance Services Reference Model.
Session Title: Big Data and Analytics
Session Speaker: Neeta Pande, Principle Research Engineer at Xerox Research Centre India Summary: Neeta Pande presented the growing importance of Big Data Analytics for innovation and also presented a suite of tools developed by Xerox Corp. for research and development.
Key takeaways from the presentation:
- Big Data, by definition, requires variety. This means diverse sources of information across department boundaries have to become available. Breaking down organizational boundaries can be a challenge. Efficient architecture and infrastructure for data capturing, data analytics, data delivery, data visualization, and data management.
- There are government funded initiatives such as Data Portal India or Aadhar, promising directions to enable Big Data Applications relevant to India.
- Making data-driven decisions are still an art as domain as well as analytics insights need to be combined. A combination of trust (in Data Scientists) and agility (in implementing and iterating decision) is required at least in the initial phases.
- NIC is also building a platform for e-Governance that can be an excellent test bed for new innovations in Big Data that directly can reach the citizens.
- Data Analysts from specifics of eHealth, eEducation, and e-Governance are either yet to be identified or yet to play their part in identifying those scenarios where they can utilize the full potential of data (to be made)/available
- Neeta Pande presented on various tools developed by Xerox Research India specifically image categorization tool and its applications in healthcare and diagnosis
Session Title: Cloud Reference Architecture
Session Speaker: Thambyraj Ernest, CCICI and Former Director-AMD
Summary: Thambyraj has presented an overview about the CCICI task-force working on creating the eGOV Reference Architecture.
Key takeaways from the presentation:
- A common reference framework (a starter framework) needs to be established for adoption across government entities (center and states) in India in building their enterprise architectures.
- Impetus needs to be provided across the nation, in embracing an architectural approach to electronic / digital government and elevate them to the next level of maturity.
- We need to blend good practices of other countries and jurisdictions, and tailor them to suit requirements and aspirations for India in India and facilitate adoption of ‘Digital by default’ and ‘Cloud-First’ policy where governments make digital services the default channel for delivering services and interacting with people and organizations outside government.
- Providing a consistent view and accurate information within and across ministries and departments to support planning and decision making would facilitate and encourage interoperability within and across ministries, departments and between programs and enhanced services by the use of enterprise architecture standards.
Session Title: Cloud Application and Data Platforms
Session Speaker: Krishna M Kumar, Cloud Platforms Architect – Huawei Technologies
Summary: Krishna Kumar, Chair Cloud Platforms Work Group presented the topic ‘PaaS Emerging Technologies’. The presentation covers latest trends in the cloud Platform-as-a-Service world which includes Containers, Big Data, API Economy, Mobile, Internet of Things, and In Memory Analytics.
Key takeaways from the presentation:
- Platform as a service (PaaS) is a category of cloud computing services that provides a platform allowing customers to develop, run, and manage Web applications without the complexity of building and maintaining the infrastructure typically associated with developing and launching an app.
- Big data is a broad term for data sets so large or complex that traditional data processing applications are inadequate. The term often refers simply to the use of predictive analytics or other certain advanced methods to extract value from data, and seldom to a particular size of data set.
- Machine learning is a subfield of computer science that evolved from the study of pattern recognition and computational learning theory in artificial intelligence. Machine learning explores the study and construction of algorithms that can learn from and make predictions on data.
- Machine learning (ML) is quickly becoming a critical skill for developers to enhance their applications and their careers, better understand data, and to help users be more effective
- Mobile PaaS (mPaaS) provides development capabilities for mobile app designers and developers. Mobile Backend as a service (MBaaS), also known as “backend as a service” (BaaS), is a model for providing web and mobile app developers with a way to link their applications to backend cloud storage and APIs exposed by back end applications while also providing features such as user management, push notifications, and integration with social networking services
Session Title: Cloud Management
Session Speaker: Manoj Kumar Jain, Sr. Technical Consultant at EMC2
Summary: Manoj Jain Chair Cloud Management WG spoke about recent work on SLA driven Cloud Management.
Key takeaways from the presentation:
- Cloud SLAs ensure that the right set of expectations are set between the cloud consumer and cloud provider. A typical SLA describes the levels of service provider using attributes such as availability, serviceability, performance, fine billing,etc.
- There are usually strict penalties that are levied if the cloud provider violates these SLAs. In order to guarantee such strict SLAs, the cloud provider should be able to monitor and accurately measure these metrics.
- In the Ontology model for Cloud SLA: The SLA contract for services is negotiated through cloud broker.
- The abstract model for cloud SLA enables the seamless interoperability between Cloud Service providers. This ensures that User can switch the service provider without loss of QoS.
Session Title: Sustainability, Mobility and Access Technologies
Session Speaker: Srinivas Varadarajan Founder-CEO Vigyanlabs, Mentor at Founder Institute
Summary: Srinivas Varadarajan presented a framework on how increased cloud adoption is driving power and energy consumption and the importance of power sustainability in cloud economy.
Key takeaways from the presentation:
- Electricity is the fuel for the digital economy – the Internet, Big Data and the Cloud. Coal forms a significant part of the electricity grid today and in near future.
- Cloud infrastructure energy consumption is at the threshold of a meteoric rise. Increased power density throws up new challenges – increased energy per sq. b, heat and cooling issues
- While the environmental impact of energy consumption by computing infrastructure is one aspect of sustainability, another key driver for sustainability global is the increasing energy shortage with following key considerations:
- Resource constraints
- Ever increasing demand leading to higher unit costs
- Concerns over the environmental impacts of electricity generation
- need to invest in electricity infrastructure to continue to supply the demand
- Legislation to improve air quality and regulate utilities
- Development of India specific best practices and standards similar to should cover
- Power-Quality standards for data center environments
- Environmental standards for cloud data centers
- Best practices for hardware deployment
- Best practices for ongoing operations of data center
Session Title: Cloud Security
Session Speaker: Emmanuel (Shubhakar) Pilli, Assistant Professor at Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur
Summary: Emmanuel Pilli volunteered to be on the Security Reference Model work group. The group is being led by Ignesius Thambyraj. Emmanuel Pilli is the Chair if Cloud Security workgroup in CCICI.
Key takeaways from the presentation by Emmanuel Pilli:
- Cloud security is major concern and is delaying adoption all over the world
- Indian companies are lagging in adoption of cloud because cloud service providers are located outside India, which makes companies feel insecure, which makes companies feel insecure.
- Cloud Computing architectural framework should include components to address security and privacy concerns in addition to service planning and service deployment. Framework should also include components to create an atmosphere of acceptance in the cloud’s ability to provide a reliable and trustworthy system.
- In order to meet the cloud security and data security requirements, cloud service providers (CSPs) must comply appropriately with all the regulations within a country. Also auditing has to be carried out to ensure whether it meets regulations of compliance.
- Information Life Cycle Management is another important requirement in cloud. Policies have to be clearly defined for storage, data backup and recovery, data storage security, and data center capacities and limitations.
Dr. Pallab Saha is the Partner and Chief Enterprise Architect (Government) & Head of Wipro Academy of Enterprise Architecture. Identified as a Thought Leader by IBM Smart City Connect and Forrester, featured by FORBES and listed as a World-Class speaker by The Open Group, Dr. Saha is the primary author of the Methodology for Agency ENTerprise Architecture (MAGENTA) and EA Guidebook for Govt of Singapore. He is a two-time recipient of the Microsoft research grant in EA supported by the UN, and a joint recipient of the Land Transport Innovation Fund by the Land Transport Authority of Singapore.
Pamela Kumar is the Vice President of Cloud Computing Innovation Council of India. Pamela brings in 30+ years industry experience in establishing and leading R&D Labs; developing product road-maps, sales and marketing strategies; system architecture, hardware and software design for Data Center, Networking and Telecom Products. Revenue impact up to $2.5 Billion. She has established organizational frameworks & culture for execution excellence, innovation & global technical eminence. Pioneered various cross-organisational and cross-industry consortia in new technology areas (Cloud Computing, RFID, and Medical Electronics).
Dr. Badrinath Ramamurthy is the Principal Engineer at Ericsson.. He brings healthy combination of rich academic research experience as well as R&D in the industry. His specializations include: Cloud Computing, HPC Systems, Semantic Web, Checkpoint Restart, Parallel and Distributed Systems, Graph Theory, Interconnection Networks.
Mr. Sundara Nagarajan, is the Product R&D Executive and Technologist in System Software Held various leadership positions in start-up, small and large companies; performed operational and strategic roles; well experienced with overall responsibility for all aspects of product development.
Debanshu Saha is the Senior Principal Engineer at Samsung Research Institute Bangalore. He describes himself as a person with an aptitude to learn new things, an expert troubleshooter, and an operability geek.
Dr. Tridib Mukherjee is Senior Research Scientist, Xerox Research Centre India. He works in the broad areas of Distributed Computing, Cloud Computing, Green Computing, Sensor Networks, Mobile Computing, and Services Computing.
Dr. Surinder Gupta is the Principal Consultant at Tata Consultancy Services. He is responsible for developing rapid prototyping platforms for simulating concepts for their business viability and technical feasibility. It will help clients capture new opportunities & meet challenges in their domains.
Dr. Dinkar Sitaram is the Professor, Dept of CSE, & Head, Center for Cloud Computing and Big Data. He was previously CTO of HP-India.
Lalit Mohan Sanagavarapu is the Sr Technology Manager at Institute for Development and Research in Banking Technology – Institute for Development and Research in Banking Technology. He has developed Framework/Guidelines/Best Practices on Cloud Security, Social Media and Information Security for Banking Industry and provided Consultancy to Banks on Cloud Computing, Information Security.
Dr. Vibhakar Bhushan is the Chair of eHealth Working Group at Cloud Computing Innovation Council of India. He has provided enterprise consultancy services to multi-national companies (packaged ERP implementations as well as custom s/w development), Entrepreneurial leadership, Mentoring Start-ups. Industry focus – Financial Services, Retail, High-Tech and HealthCare
Dr. Praveen Gurram is Senior Director – Oracle India Product Development. He has Managed development teams within large enterprises as well as managed engineering teams for niche industry leading products.
Neeta Pande is Research Lab Manager at Xerox Research Centre India. She is a Data Engineering professional with experience in architecting and engineering data analytics in BFSI, Manufacturing and Personal Finance domain
Thambyraj Ernest is a seasoned Technology and Software Product development leader with over 26 years of experience in GPU Accelerated Solutions, Cloud Infrastructure, High Performance Computing and Networking.
Krishna M Kumar is the Cloud Platforms Architect – Huawei Technologies. He is the technology Leader in Cloud and Data Centre Technologies with 18 years exp and Lead Architect Generating next generation cloud platforms features.
Manoj Kumar Jain is a Senior. Technical Consultant at EMC2. He brings in senior technical management professional with progressive expertise in team management, Operations management in Network Management, IP Networking and protocol, Network Security (VPN, IP Security, Firewall, PKI, Secure VoIP, Identity Management, SSO, FIPS), Cloud computing, Virtualization, Big data analytics and embedded technology.
Srinivas Varadarajan is Founder-CEO Vigyanlabs and Mentor at Founder Institute. He is is an Innovator, Entrepreneur and has assisted businesses in solving complex problems by building products and solutions that meet and exceed customer expectations. His innovations are in the areas of Intelligent Power Management (http://www.ipmplus.com), Performance Engineering and Networking.
Emmanuel (Shubhakar) Pilli is Assistant Professor at Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur. He Emmanuel Pilli has 15 years of teaching and research experience. He has PhD (IIT Roorkee) on Network Forensics. He has a research project “Investigating the Source of Spoofed E-mails” from UCOST